Early Medieval (633 - 1066 AD)

  • 633 - Armies of Islam begin to attack Syrian province of Eastern Empire.
  • 638 - fall of Jerusalem and Antioch.
  • 642 - Fall of Alexandria - end of the annona to Constantinople.
  • 661-750 - Umayyad caliphate
  • 711-20 - Conquest of Visigothic Spain by Moslem armies.
  • 717 - Arab besiegers defeated at Constantinople by Leo III.
  • 732 - Battle of Poitiers - furthest extent of Islamic expansion in the west.
  • 750 - Establishment of the Abbasid caliphate.
  • 756 - Establishment of the Emirate of Cordoba, in Al-Andalus.
  • 762 - foundation of Baghdad.
  • 789 - First Viking raid in England, on Lindisfarne.
  • 800 - Coronation of Charlemagne as 'Emperor of the Romans'.
  • 813-972 - Saracen pirates raid Italy & Gaul.
  • 827 - Arab raids & conquest of Sicily.
  • 845 - Viking raid up the Seine destroys Paris.
  • 880 - breakup of the Frankish Empire.
  • 886 - King Alfred of the West Saxons re-captures London.
  • 899-917 - Magyars raid eastern Europe, reach Burgundy.
  • 910 - foundation of the Abbey of Cluny.
  • 973 - Coronation of Edgar as King of England.
  • 978 - Murder of Edward, accession of King Æthelred.
  • 980 - renewal of Scandinavian raids on England.
  • 991 - Battle of Maldon. Successive payments of danegeld.
  • 1002 - Marriage of Æthelred & Emma, sister of the Duke of Normandy.
  • 1009-1016 - Danish armies raid England.
  • 1016 - Cnut becomes King of England & Denmark; murder of Uhtred of Northumbria.
  • 1042 - Accession of Edward the Confessor.
  • 1066 - Battle of Hastings.

(c) 2011 Jeremy Baker